Correctional Healthcare | Episode 021


Episode summary introduction: Do you know that inmates are the only people in America with a constitutional right to healthcare? Let’s have a little history lesson… They are part of the Eighth Amendment Rights. The A.M.A. sought to establish uniform standards and in 1983, the creation of the National Commission on Correctional Health Care was established.

Topic 1: I would like to say that there are some major differences in what you find on statistics. However, the overwhelming majority of inmates were male, were younger than 35 years, and were disproportionately Black or Hispanic.

Topic 2: Among inmates with a persistent medical problem 13.9% of federal inmates, 20.1% of state inmates, and 68.4% of local jail inmates had received no medical examination since incarceration.

Topic 3: Sandra Bland 2015- The Bland Act

The Sandra Bland Act mandates county jails to divert people with mental health and substance abuse issues toward treatment, This makes it easier for defendants to receive a personal bond if they have a mental illness or intellectual disability, and requires that independent law enforcement agencies investigate jail deaths.

Outro: The prison population of the United States has quadrupled in the past 25 years. The US now incarcerates more people per capita than any other nation. According to the Innocent Project, there is estimated that 1% of the prison population is innocent. This percentage may seem low, but this would mean approximately 20,000 men/women are sitting in prison who are innocent. In addition to this, each person cost the prison system approximately 34,000/year. That would mean we are spending $680,000,000 on innocent people in jail per year, ya know b/c it's always about the dollars/cents. If we Improve management of chronic conditions in prisons and jails it would have an important role for community health and in reducing health care disparities, because the vast majority of inmates are eventually released. Approximately 12 million inmates are released every year. And if we actively treat inmates' physical and mental disability, it would make integration into the workforce and society smoother.

References:

https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2019/03/04/the-jail-health-care-crisis

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2661478/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2681083/

https://www.penalreform.org/issues/prison-conditions/key-facts/health/

https://www.prisonerhealth.org/resources-for-prisoners-families-and-advocates/prisoners-and-families/

https://journalofethics.ama-assn.org/article/why-prisoners-deserve-health-care/2008-02

https://nicic.gov/state-prison-health-care-spending-examination

https://nicic.gov/correctional-healthcare

https://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/html/mpp/mpp.cfm

https://www.innocenceproject.org/how-many-innocent-people-are-in-prison/#:~:text=News%2012.12.11-,How%20Many%20Innocent%20People%20are%20in%20Prison%3F,and%20experts%20in%20the%20field.&text=estimate%20is%20that%201%20percent,20%2C000%20people%2C%20are%20falsely%20convicted.

https://www.texastribune.org/2017/06/15/texas-gov-greg-abbott-signs-sandra-bland-act-law/

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/05/07/us/sandra-bland-video-brian-encinia.html

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/morning-mix/wp/2015/07/22/documents-sandra-bland-previously-attempted-suicide-felt-very-depressed-on-day-of-arrest/

4 views0 comments