Hemophilia | Episode 052


Episode summary introduction:

A small cut or an accidental fall to most of us is not a big deal but for those with hemophilia it can become a matter of life or death. Hemophilia is a genetically inherited bleeding disorder in which the blood doesn't clot properly. They are two types of hemophilia. Those people with hemophilia have type A (a mutation in the factor VIII (8)) or type B (factor IX (9)) genes that make it difficult for blood clotting.

Topic 1:

The cause of hemophilia is discussed. From genetics of the X chromosome to both types of Hemophilia are mentioned.

Topic 2:

Signs and symptoms of Hemophilia are reviewed. They range from increased bleeding after trauma, injury, or surgery to sudden bleeding with no apparent cause.

Topic 3:

Diagnosis and Treatments are reviewed. Ideally, treatment should be provided at a hemophilia center.

Outro:

Nursing Considerations for patients with hemophilia are discussed. Remember educating on risk of bleeding and prevention - most patients are well aware of their disease and treatment. This comes from early education and is vital.

References:

Statistics:

https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/hemophilia/data.html

https://www.wfh.org/en/our-work-hum-aid/results-statistics

https://www.ajmc.com/view/prevalence-of-hemophilia-worldwide-is-triple-that-of-previous-estimates-new-study-says-

About: https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/hemophilia/facts.html

https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/hemophilia/index.html

https://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/understanding-hemophilia-basics#1

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hemophilia/symptoms-causes/syc-20373327

https://www.medicinenet.com/hemophilia/article.htm

https://stanfordhealthcare.org/medical-conditions/cancer/hemophilia/hemophilia-types.html

Treatment

https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/hemophilia/treatment.html#:~:text=Hemlibra%C2%AE%20https://

www.hoacny.com/patient-resources/blood-disorders/what-hemophilia/how-hemophilia-treated

https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/hemophilia/inhibitors.html

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6142469/#B48

Children:

https://www.chop.edu/conditions-diseases/hemophilia

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