Hypertension and Stroke Awareness | Episode 008


Episode summary introduction: In this episode we discuss hypertension, AKA, high or elevated blood pressure and stroke, as May is Stroke Awareness Month. We will go over risk factors, prevention and touch on treatment options. Our goal is always to inform, help and start conversation.

Topic 1: Understanding what blood pressure is. It is the force (systolic pressure) that occurs as blood pumps out of the heart and into the arteries that are part of the circulatory system and the force (diastolic pressure) is created as the heart rests between heart beats. Why does this matter?

Topic 2: Risk factors associated with hypertension are elevated blood pressure, age, gender, genetics, ethnicity, tobacco and alcohol use and sedentary lifestyles. The number one cause of stroke is hypertension. Remember to act F. A. S. T.;

F—Face: Ask the person to smile. Does one side of the face droop?

A—Arms: Ask the person to raise both arms. Does one arm drift downward?

S—Speech: Ask the person to repeat a simple phrase. Is the speech slurred or strange?

T—Time: If you see any of these signs, call 9-1-1 right away.

Topic 3: Every second after a stroke counts and treatment depends on how fast you seek medical attention. From tPA to mechanical thrombectomy, time is of the essence.

Outro: Education and prevention regarding healthy lifestyles should be priority. As healthcare professionals it’s our responsibility to make sure all patients are triaged and treated efficiently and effectively despite their or our racial, ethnic and spiritual belief.

Join us next week when we talk about Healthcare in America.

Additional Resources Mentioned:

HTN:

  1. https://www.cdc.gov/bloodpressure/risk_factors.htm

  2. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/150109#symptoms

  3. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/high-blood-pressure/in-depth/high-blood-pressure/art-20045868

  4. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4896734/

  5. https://www.webmd.com/hypertension-high-blood-pressure/guide/smoking-kicking-habit#1

  6. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/high-blood-pressure/expert-answers/blood-pressure/faq-20058254

  7. https://www.heart.org/en/health-topics/high-blood-pressure/understanding-blood-pressure-readings/hypertensive-crisis-when-you-should-call-911-for-high-blood-pressure

  8. https://www.heart.org/en/health-topics/high-blood-pressure/the-facts-about-high-blood-pressure/what-is-high-blood-pressure

Stroke:

  1. https://www.cdc.gov/stroke/facts.htm

  2. https://www.aans.org/en/Patients/Neurosurgical-Conditions-and-Treatments/Stroke

  3. https://www.aan.com/PressRoom/Home/PressRelease/1493

  4. https://www.stroke.org/en/news/2018/07/13/study-3-in-4-black-adults-have-high-blood-pressure-by-their-mid50s

  5. https://www.heart.org/en/news/2019/08/01/study-finds-racial-gap-in-who-gets-critical-stroke-treatments

  6. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3840541/

  7. https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/pdf/10.1161/str.0b013e3182213e24

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