Multiple Sclerosis | Episode 050


Episode summary introduction:

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a nervous system disease that affects the brain and spinal cord.

The immune system attacks the protective sheath (myelin) that covers nerve fibers, causing damage that slows down or blocks messages between your brain and your body. The damaged areas develop scar tissue – multiple areas of scarring or multiple sclerosis. The cause of MS is not known, but it’s believed to involve genetic susceptibility or abnormalities in the immune system and environmental factors can lead to triggering the disease.

Topic 1:

What is MS/Types of MS. The 4 types of multiple sclerosis are discussed.

  1. Clinically Isolated Syndrome (CIS)

  2. Relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS)

  3. Secondary progressive MS (SPMS)

  4. Primary progressive MS (PPMS)

Topic 2:

Signs and Symptoms are discussed;

Affect movement

Vision problems

Speech problems

Breathing problems

Seizures

Topic 3:

There is no one test that can determine and diagnose MS. There are several factors used to determine if you meet the criteria for a diagnosis. Since we know science is a practice and not exact, MS must also try to be ruled out as other possible causes of whatever symptoms you are experiencing. Treatment options discussed that include therapy, oral medications to injectables and IVs.

Outro:

Nursing considerations are discussed to assist the patient.

References:

Statistics:

https://multiplesclerosisnewstoday.com/news-posts/2020/09/21/ms-prevalence-2-8-million-worldwide-atlas-ms-third-edition/#:~:text=MS%20prevalence%2C%20data%20show%2C%20has,of%20developing%20MS%20has%20risen.

https://www.healthline.com/health/multiple-sclerosis/facts-statistics-infographic#Prevalence

MS: https://medlineplus.gov/multiplesclerosis.html#cat_79

https://www.nationalmssociety.org/What-is-MS/MS-FAQ-s

https://www.ajmc.com/view/multiple-sclerosis-diagnosis-and-treatment-options-in-2020

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/multiple-sclerosis/symptoms-causes/syc-20350269

https://www.cdc.gov/pcd/issues/2010/jan/08_0241.htm

Nursing consideration:

https://www.ausmed.com/cpd/articles/multiple-sclerosis-nursing-care

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