Prostate Cancer | Episode 078


Episode summary introduction:

According to the American Cancer Society, Other than skin cancer, prostate cancer is the most common cancer in American men.

Topic 1:

The prostate is a small and rubbery gland. It’s about the size of a ping-pong ball, others say the size of a walnut. It is located deep inside the groin, between the base of the penis and the rectum. It sits below the bladder and wraps around the urethra. The prostate is part of the male reproductive system (includes the penis, prostate, seminal vesicles, and testicles). The prostate’s job is to supply part of the seminal fluid (semen), which mixes with sperm from the testes. It helps the sperm to travel and survive.

Topic 2:

There are risk factors associated to having prostate cancer;

  • Being a male

  • Being African American

  • Get prostate cancer at a younger age, tend to have more advanced disease when it is found, and tend to have a more severe type of prostate cancer than other men.

  • Having a family history of prostate cancer

Topic 3:

Every year or as directed by your physician, men should have a DRE (digital rectal exam) and a PSA (Prostate Specific Antigen) test drawn. These tests help early diagnosis of prostate cancer.

During a DRE, the physician inserts a gloved, lubricated finger into a man’s rectum to feel the prostate for anything abnormal, such as cancer.

Topic 4:

Depending on each patient and their individual case, treatment options for men with prostate cancer. Each stage of prostate cancer will require different or combined treatment. For more information on the treatments mentioned please visit; https://www.cancer.org/cancer/prostate-cancer/treating.html

Outro: If prostate cancer is found only in the prostate, it is localized (sometimes referred to as stage 1). If the cancer has spread to a different part of the body, the stage is regional or distant. For prostate cancer, 74.3% are diagnosed at the local stage. The 5-year relative survival for localized prostate cancer is 100.0%. The reason this fact is important is because along with everything in medicine prevention and routine check ups can make the difference between life and death.

References:

https://www.cancer.org/cancer/prostate-cancer/about/key-statistics.html

https://www.pcf.org/about-prostate-cancer/what-is-prostate-cancer/prostate-gland/

https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/prostate/basic_info/what-is-prostate-cancer.htm

https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/treatment-tests-and-therapies/prostate-biopsy

https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/prostate/basic_info/treatment.htm

https://www.cancer.org/cancer/prostate-cancer/treating.html

https://seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/prost.html

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