Sex and the Superbug | Episode 033


Episode summary introduction:

With superbugs on the rise, so are super STIs. Nurses come into contact with patients who have common superbugs that we see on a daily basis; MRSA, C-diff, and VRE to name a few. We’ll discuss the top 3 SUPER STIs and later look at what that means for nurses caring for elderly patients in nursing homes.

Topic 1:

Neisseria gonorrhoeae:

This strain of bacteria causes the STD gonorrhea, which has previously been easily treated with antibiotics. However, Neisseria gonorrhoeae is becoming more and more resistant to them.

Topic 2:

Chlamydia:

Chlamydia is a bacterial infection that’s easily cured with antibiotic medicine. It’s one of the most common STDs. Chlamydia is a SUPER common bacterial infection that you can get from sexual contact with another person. Close to 3 million Americans get it every year, most commonly among 14-24-year-olds.

Topic 3:

New emerging superbug

Mycoplasma genitalium, also known as MGen or MG is a sexually transmitted infection caused by a bacteria. MGen transmission can occur it if you have sex with a person who already has the infection

Topic 4:

Nursing considerations are discussed on how to prevent STIs and superbugs.

Outro:

Nursing considerations

Nurses must be familiar with the most common STDs. Remember that the safest safe is no sex but that is not realistic. The next big thing is wearing protection; such as condoms. Antibiotics do not help cure viral infections, only bacterial or fungal. Take all antibiotics as prescribed until medication is completed.

References:

ABX:

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/10278

https://www.cdc.gov/antibiotic-use/community/about/should-know.html

https://www.cdc.gov/patientsafety/features/be-antibiotics-aware.html

https://patient.info/infections/antibiotics-leaflet

https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/wellness-and-prevention/antibiotics

https://www.acog.org/clinical/clinical-guidance/committee-opinion/articles/2018/06/expedited-partner-therapy

Superinfections:

https://www.healthline.com/health-news/drug-resistant-bacteria-can-be-hidden-danger-for-people-with-covid-19#How-secondary-infections-affect-people-severely-ill-with-COVID-19

https://www.cdc.gov/drugresistance/index.html

https://www.cdc.gov/drugresistance/biggest-threats.html

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/who-releases-list-of-worlds-most-dangerous-superbugs/

https://www.washingtonpost.com/health/2019/11/13/deadly-superbugs-pose-greater-threat-than-previously-estimated/

https://www.cnn.com/2019/11/13/health/superbug-amr-drug-resistant-cdc-2019-report/index.html

https://www.verywellhealth.com/mrsa-c-diff-superbug-hospital-infections-2614867

https://www.livescience.com/58317-these-superbugs-pose-the-greatest-threat-to-human-health.htmlhttps://www.aftermath.com/content/superbug-infection-bacteria/

https://www.nrdc.org/experts/david-wallinga-md/drug-resistant-superbugs-4th-leading-cause-death-us#:~:text=That's%20according%20to%20a%20Washington,opioid%20and%20other%20drug%20overdoses.

https://www.cnn.com/2018/07/11/health/guidelines-superbug-mycoplasma-genitalium-intl/index.html

Nursing home STIs

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24066789/

https://www.homehelpershomecare.com/clearwater/community-blog/2018/march/seniors-at-high-risk-for-sexually-transmitted-di/#:~:text=McDaniel%2C%20%E2%80%9CMr.,statistics%20but%20think%20about%20it.

https://health.usnews.com/health-care/patient-advice/articles/2018-12-10/what-to-know-about-rising-std-rates-among-seniors

https://www.governing.com/topics/health-human-services/gov-std-senior-citizens-nursing-homes-sex.html

https://www.forbes.com/sites/claryestes/2020/02/26/historic-high-rates-of-stis-among-older-americans/#63b2ea6d4c39

https://www.plannedparenthood.org/learn/stds-hiv-safer-sex/chlamydia https://www.nrdc.org/experts/david-wallinga-md/drug-resistant-superbugs-4th-leading-cause-death-us#:~:text=That's%20according%20to%20a%20Washington,opioid%20and%20other%20drug%20overdoses.

https://www.verywellhealth.com/stds-the-elderly-3133189

http://seniorlivingconsultants.com/stds-in-older-adults/

https://libres.uncg.edu/ir/uncg/f/S_Letvak_Sexually_1996.pdf

https://www.huffpost.com/entry/sex-and-seniors-stds-a-ne_b_9619778

STI

https://www.cdc.gov/std/gonorrhea/stdfact-gonorrhea.htm#:~:text=However%2C%20men%20who%20do%20have,although%20this%20is%20less%20common).

https://www.cdc.gov/std/chlamydia/stdfact-chlamydia.htm

https://www.cdc.gov/std/tg2015/emerging.htm#myco

https://patient.info/sexual-health/sexually-transmitted-infections-leaflet/mycoplasma-genitalium-mgen

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